Tuesday, 25 October 2016

CHAUCERIAN LITERATURE AS COMEDY / COMIC ELEMENTS IN CHAUCER : WIT AND HUMOUR IN CHAUCERIAN LITERATURE

Chaucer belonged to the medieval age . It was a dark age , haunted with Catholic austerity and feudal atrocity and feudal atelrocity . Spontaneity in life was all kept suppressed and silenced by the rigours of the authority .
Naturally , in such a state , the genial zest for life was found to be missing in the literary pursuits of the time . Yet , Chaucer breathed in plenty spirit and liveliness , so much needed in lasting creative literary works . In fact , he had in plenty what most of his fellow poets lacked unfortunately , the sense of the comic , rare for his age . 

The comic spirit is particularly resonant  in two elements-wit and humour . In fact , the fun of life and literature is closely associated with the flash of wit and the depth of humour . Wit is an intellectual flash rather a sort of intellectual exercise and it gives diversion and delight . Humour , too , is an intellectual gift , a sensitive expression . It causes laughter just as wit does . But the play of wit is spectacular , somewhat superficial , but in humour , laughter is deep and dignified . Both these elements of wit and humours are necessary constitution in the respresent of any sense of the comic . This is so with Chaucers literary talent . His creative genius bears out , in a plentiful measure , his wonderful  sense of humoum with which the rare flash of wit is found well mingled .

The Canterbury  Tales , Chaucer's  last and best work , is imbued with his most delighted  sense of the comic . The work is , no doubt , great as a wonderful  document of the English social life of the fourteenth century . But it is also a delightful comedy of human life , a grand social comedy , through it is no drama technically .

Chaucer's comic art is vividly revealed in The Canterbury  Tales . In his conceptiin and execution of the entire work , a truly comic spirit is intensely felt . The idea of bringing so many pilgrims together is certainly  quite humorous . But more humorous and witty is his description of different pilgrims , with the wonderful fidelity to reality  and a profound sense of humorous . Chaucer makes his pilgrims  quite engaging . Chaucerian humour is certainly the chief draw here .

As a comic artist , Chaucer goes deep to what is incongruous in human life and behaviour . He does not fail to make fun with the pilgrims  drawn  by him in the prologue . All his portraits sharply indicate a sense of joy that the true comedy possesses . Thus , although the Knight is not drawn  for the purpose of fun , the poet makes diverting reflextions on his horse and its nature . His horse was good , but he was not gay . More enjoyable , however , seems Chaucer's  description  of the Cook . He mentioned  the Cook's skill in different ways , and in doing so , he also makes fun of his nature .

0 comments:

Post a Comment